Ivan Franko National
University of Lviv was founded in 1661 and thus is one of the oldest in
Europe. Ivan Franko, Myhaylo Grushevsky and other famous people worked in the
University. A lot of famous biologists are also among the staff of the
University. The greatest contribution to the development of biology was made by
Professor J. Hirschler. B. Fulinski, G. Poluszynski, R. Kuntze, J. Noskiewicz,
L. Monne, I. Romanyshyn were working at the Institute of Zoology.
The floral researcher T. Wilczynski as well as the botanical geographer and paleobotanist M. Koczwara worked at the Botany Department from 1918 till 1924. In 1924 S. Kulczynski became Head of the Department. The research work at the time was mainly concerned with floristics (S. Kulczynski, St. Tolpa, M. Kostyniuk, H. Koziy). Professor S. Krzemieniewski was a renowned specialist in the field of floral physiology.
During the interwar period a number of new departments were opened at the Faculty of Medicine, such as the Biology Department (1920), the Medicinal Technologies Department (1932), the Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department (1932), the Health Protection and Medical History Department (1930), the Department of Microbiology (1936).
The research works by I. Badian in the field of bacteriological cytology had become world famous. I. Lenartowicz was widely known as dermatologist. The Department of Microbiology was founded by N. Gasiorowski in 1936. A very serious research in the field of microbiology was conducted by Professor R. Weigl. Since 1922 the research and lecturing work at the Department of Biochemistry had been supervised by J. K. Parnas.
Zoological museum was founded by B. Dybovsky.
More detailed information can be found at www.lnu.edu.ua. History of the Department of Microbiology can be viewed at http://bioweb.lnu.edu.ua/micro/history.htm.
Lviv is one of the oldest and most beautiful cities in Ukraine. By the number of architectural monuments Lviv is on the first place in Ukraine. The first written recognition about Lviv is dated by 1256. The city is founded by the king Danylo Galytsky and is named in honor of his son Lev.
The historical center of Lviv is in the list of the Objects of UNESCO World Heirdom. In 2008 British newspaper "The Times" gave Lviv the third place among the European cities to visit on weekend.
Lviv's historic churches, synagogues, buildings and relics date from the 13th century. In recent centuries, it was spared some of the invasions and wars that destroyed other Ukrainian cities. Its architecture reflects various European styles and periods. After the fires of 1527 and 1556 Lviv lost most of its gothic-style buildings, but it retains many buildings in renaissance, baroque, and classic styles. There are works by artists of the Vienna Secession, Art Nouveau, and Art Deco styles. There are a lot of theatres, museums, churches, parks in Lviv. Lviv is also famous fro its Vasyl Stefanyk Scientific Library of NAS in Ukraine, which has more then 8 millions books, journals etc.
The weather in Lviv in October differs from year to year. The middle temperature is approximatel +10ºС. The temperature can reach +23ºС in the afternoon and fall to 0ºС in the night. Rain and snow are possible.
Transport in Lviv is provided by the trams, trolley-buses and buses. The ticket for the tram or trolley-bus costs 2 UAH (for Ukrainian pupils and students - 1 UAH). The tickets can be purchased in the kiosks and self-service terminals at some stops or from driver, in the ram or trolley-bus or tram it must be punched. The payment for the trip in buses (4 UAH) is performed to the driver or conductor at the entrance. Buses stop only on demand. The taxies are also working in Lviv. We recommend to agree the price for the trip by the taxi before its beginning.